College of Law > Faculty & Staff > Faculty A-Z > Patty Gerstenblith

Patty Gerstenblith

  • Distinguished Research Professor of Law; Faculty Director, Center for Art, Museum & Cultural Heritage Law
  • Full-time
  • (312) 362-6175
  • 1160 O'Malley Place

Patty Gerstenblith is a distinguished research professor of law at DePaul University and director of its Center for Art, Museum & Cultural Heritage Law. She is founding president of the Lawyers Committee for Cultural Heritage Preservation (2005-2011), a director of the U.S. Committee of the Blue Shield and senior advisor to the ABA's Art and Cultural Heritage Law Committee. In 2011, she was appointed by President Obama to serve as the chair of the President's Cultural Property Advisory Committee in the U.S. Department of State, on which she had previously served as a public representative in the Clinton administration. From 1995 to 2002, she was editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Cultural Property. Her publications include the casebook, Art, Cultural Heritage and the Law(now in its second edition), and her articles "Controlling the International Market in Antiquities: Reducing the Harm, Preserving the Past," published in the Chicago Journal of International Law, "Schultz and Barakat: Universal Recognition of National Ownership of Antiquities," published in Art Antiquity and Law, and "Protecting Cultural Heritage in Armed Conflict: Looking Back, Looking Forward," published in the Cardozo Public Law, Policy & Ethics Journal. Gerstenblith received her AB from Bryn Mawr College, PhD in art history and anthropology from Harvard University, and JD from Northwestern University. Before joining the DePaul law faculty, Gerstenblith clerked for the Honorable Richard D. Cudahy of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit.


AB, Bryn Mawr College; JD, Northwestern University; PhD (Fine Arts and Anthropology), Harvard University

Areas of Expertise

Art and Museum Law

Courses Taught

  • Art & the Law
  • Intellectual Property
  • Property
  • Seminar in Cultural Property
  • Wills & Trusts
  • Articles
  • Books
  • Book Chapters
  • Book Reviews
  • Miscellaneous


2016 The Destruction of Cultural Heritage: A Crime Against Property or a Crime Against People? 15 John Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 336 (2016). string;#Click Here
2016 The Legal Framework for the Prosecution of Crimes Involving Archaeological Objects 64 U.S. Attorneys Bulletin 5 (2016). string;#Click Here
2015 For Better and For Worse: Evolving United States Policy on Cultural Property Litigation and Restitution 22 Int'l J. of Cultural Prop. (2015). string;#Click Here
2013 The Law as Mediator Between Archaeology and Collecting, 33 Internet Archaelogy (2013) string;#Click Here
2013 The Meaning of 1970 for the Acquisition of Archaeological Objects, 38 J. Field Archaeology 364 (2013) string;#Click Here
2012 2011 Cultural Heritage Legal Summary, 37 J. Field Archaeology 330 (2012) string;#
2012 Getting Real: Cultural, Aesthetic and Legal Perspectives on the Meaning of Authenticity of Art Works 35 35 Colum. J.L. & Arts 321 (2012). string;#Click Here
2011 The Antiquities Market: 2010 Cultural Heritage Legal Summary, 36 J. Field Archaeology 257 (2011) string;#
2011 International Legal Developments in Review 2010: International Art and Cultural Heritage, 45 Int'l Law. 395 (2011) string;#
2010 2009 Cultural Heritage Legal Summary, 35 J. Field Archaeology 237 (2010) string;#
2009 Protecting Cultural Heritage in Armed Conflict: Looking Back, Looking Forward, 7 Cardozo Pub. L. Pol'y & Ethics J. 677 (2009). string;#Click Here
2009 With L. Lopez and L. Roussin, International Art and Cultural Heritage, 43 Int'l Law. 811 (2009). string;#Click Here
2009 Archaeology in the Context of War: Legal Frameworks for Protecting Cultural Heritage during Armed Conflict, 5 Archaeologies 18 (2009). string;#Click Here
2009 Schultz and Barakat: Universal Recognition of National Ownership of Antiquities, 14 Art Antiquity & L. 21 (2009). string;#Click Here
2009 The Antiquities Market: 2008 Cultural Heritage Legal Summary, 34 J. Field Archaeology 78 (2009). string;#
2007 Controlling the International Market in Antiquities: Reducing the Harm, Preserving the Past, 8 Chi. J. Int'l L. 169 (2007). string;#Click Here
2007 With Lucille Roussin, International Legal Developments in Review 2006: International Cultural Property, 41 Int'l L. 613 (2007). string;#Click Here
2007 The Antiquities Market: 2006 Cultural Heritage Legal Summary, 32 J. Field Archaeology 83 (2007). string;#
2006 From Bamiyan to Baghdad: Warfare and the Preservation of Cultural Heritage at the Beginning of the 21st Century, 37 Geo. J. Int'l L. 245 (2006). string;#Click Here
2006 With Bonnie Czegledi, International Cultural Property International Legal Developments in Review: 2005: Public International Law , 40 Int'l Law. 441 (2006). string;#Click Here
2005 With Bonnie Czegledi, International Legal Developments in Review: 2004 Public International Law: International Cultural Property , 39 Int’l Law. 493 (2005). string;#Click Here
2004 With Daniel W. Eck, International Legal Developments in Review: 2003 Public International Law: Cultural Property , 38 Int’l Law. 469 (2004). string;#Click Here
2003 Acquisition and Deacquisition of Museum Collections and the Fiduciary Obligations of Museums to the Public (Symposium: Traditional Knowledge, Intellectual and Indigenous Culture), 11 Cardozo J. Int’l & Comp. L. 409 (2003). string;#Click Here
2003 With Daniel W. Eck, International Legal Developments in Review: 2002 International Cultural Property , 37 Int’l Law. 565 (2003). string;#Click Here
2003 The McClain/Schultz Doctrine: Another Step Against Trade in Stolen Antiquities, 13 Culture Without Context 5 (2003). string;#Click Here
2002 With Daniel W. Eck and Marilyn Phelan, International Legal Developments in Review: 2001 International Cultural Property, 36 Int’l Law. 607 (2002). string;#Click Here
2002 United States v. Schultz, 10 Culture Without Context 27 (2002). string;#Click Here
2001 Chronicles (January 1, 2001 – June 30, 2001), 10 Int’l J. Cultural Prop. 331 (2001). string;#Click Here
2001 The Public Interest in the Restitution of Cultural Objects (Symposium, Ownership and Protection of Heritage: Cultural Property Rights for the 21st Century), 16 Conn. J. Int’l. L. 197 (2001). string;#Click Here
2001 Panel Discussion. (Ownership and Protection of Heritage: Cultural Property Rights for the 21st Century), 16 Conn. J. Int’l L. 313 (2001). string;#Click Here
2000 Illicit Antiquities: The Destruction of the World’s Archaeological Heritage, 9 Int’l J. Cultural Prop. 166 (2000) (conference report, Illicit Antiquities Research Centre, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge University, England). string;#Click Here
2000 Protection of Cultural Heritage Found on Private Land: The Paradigm of the Miami Circle and Regulatory Takings Doctrine after Lucas (Fifth Annual Tribal Sovereignty Symposium), 13 St. Thomas L. Rev. 65 (2000). string;#Click Here
1999 Art, Antiquity and the Law: Preserving Our Global Cultural Heritage, Rutgers, 8 Int’l J. Cultural Prop. 327-37 (1999) (conference report). string;#Click Here
1998 Unidroit Ratified, 51 Archaeology 24 (July-August 1998). string;#
1995 Identity and Cultural Property: The Protection of Cultural Property in the United States, 75 B.U. L. Rev. 559 (1995). string;#Click Here
1995 International Church-State Symposium, Associational Structures of Religious Organizations, 1995 BYU L. Rev. 439 (1995). string;#Click Here
1994 Recent Developments in the Law of Extinctive Prescription in the United States, 42 Am. J. Comp. L. Supp. 61 (1994). string;#Click Here
1994 Architect as Artist: Artists’ Rights and Historic Preservation, 12 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 431 (1994). string;#Click Here
1992 Guggenheim v Lubell, 2 Int'l. J. Cultural Prop. 359 (1992). string;#
1990 Civil Court Resolution of Property Disputes among Religious Organizations, 39 Am.U.L.Rev. 513 (1990). string;#Click Here
1988 The Adverse Possession of Personal Property, 37 Buff. L. Rev. 119 (1988). string;#Click Here
1988 Picture Imperfect: Attempted Regulation of the Art Market, 29 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 501 (1988). string;#Click Here
1983 The Fiduciary Duties of Museum Trustees, 8 Art & L. 175 (1983). string;#Click Here
1980 A Reassessment of the Beginning of the Middle Bronze Age in Syria-Palestine, 297 Bull. Am. Sch. Oriental Res. 65 (1980). string;#Click Here


2008 Art, Cultural Heritage, and the Law (2d. ed., Carolina Academic Press, 2008). string;#
2005 With Benjamin R. Foster and Karen Polinger Foster, Iraq Beyond the Headlines: History, Archaeology, and War (World Scientific, 2005). string;#
2004 Art, Cultural Heritage, and the Law (Carolina Academic Press, 2004). string;#

Book Chapters

2017 Implementation of the 1970 UNESCO Convention by the United States and Other Market Nations, in The Routledge Companion to Cultural Property 70-88 (Jane Anderson and Haidy Geisman eds. 2017). string;#
2015 With Corrine R. Smith, Looting and the Antiquities Market, in Oxford Bibliographies in Classics (Dee Clayman, ed., Oxford Univ. Press 2015) string;#
2014 Beyond the 1954 Hague Convention, in Cultural Awareness in the Military: Developments and Implications for Future Humanitarian Cooperation (Robert Albro and Bill Ivey eds., Macmillan 2014) string;#Click Here
2014 Do Restrictions on Publication of Undocumented Texts Promote Legitimacy? in Archaeologies of Text: Archaeology, Technology, and Ehics 214-26 (Matthew T. Rutz and Morag M. Kersel eds. 2014) string;#
2013 Enforcement by Domestic Courts: Criminal Law and Forfeiture in the Recovery of Cultural Objects, in Defending Aphrodite: Enforcing International Cultural Property Law 150-74 (F. Francioni & J. Gordley eds. Oxford Univ. Press 2013). string;#
2012 Models of Implementation of the 1970 UNESCO Convention: Can their Effectiveness be Determined? in Realising Cultural Heritage Law: Festschrift in Honour of Patrick O'Keefe 9-25 (Lyndel V. Prott, Ruth Redmond-Cooper & Stephen Urice eds., Institute of Art and Law 2012). string;#
2010 The Obligations Contained in International Treaties of Armed Forces to Protect Cultural Heritage in Times of Armed Conflict, in Archaeology, Cultural Property, and the Military 4-14 (Laurie Rush, ed. Boydell Press Heritage Masters Series 2010). string;#
2010 International Cultural Property Law, in 2009 Yearbook of Cultural Heritage Law 159-78 (Sherry Hutt ed. 2010). string;#
2009 Increasing Effectiveness of the Legal Regime for the Protection of the International Archaeological Heritage, in Cultural Heritage Issues (J. Nafziger and A. Nigorski, eds., Brill 2009). string;#
2008 With Katharyn Hanson, Congressional responses to the looting of Iraq's cultural property, in Antiquities under Siege: Cultural Heritage Protection after the Iraq War (Lawrence Rothfield ed., AltaMira Press, 2008). string;#
2008 Legal Aspects of Controlling the International Market in Looted Antiquities: The Paradigm of Iraq, in Catastrophe! The Looting and Destruction of Iraq's Past (Geoff Emberling et al., University of Chicago ; Oriental Institute; Museum, 2008). string;#
2008 Change in the Legal Regime Protecting Cultural Heritage, in The Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Iraq (Peter G. Stone & Joanne Farchakh Bajjaly eds., Woodbridge, Suffolk : Boydell Press, 2008). string;#
2008 The 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property Law in the Event of Armed Conflict: Its Background and Prospects for Ratification in the United States, in Antiquities Under Siege: Cultural Heritage Protection After the Iraq War 79-88 (Larry Rothfield ed., AltaMira Press, 2008). string;#
2007 Nineveh as a Microcosm of the Effect of War on Iraq’s Cultural Heritage, in Up to the Gates of Ekron, Essays on the Archaeology and History of the Eastern Mediterranean in Honor of Seymour Gitin (S. Crawford ed., Israel Exploration Society, 2007). string;#
2007 The Philosophy of Collecting and the International Market, in Yearbook of Cultural Property Law 2007 (Sherry Hutt ed., Walnut Creek, Calif. : Left Coast; Oxford : Berg [distributor], 2007). string;#
2007 International Cultural Property, in 2007 Yearbook of Cultural Property Law (S. Hutt ed., Left Coast Press 2007, updated 2008, 2009). string;#
2007 The Acquisition and Exhibition of Classical Antiquities: The Legal Perspective, in The Acquisition and Exhibition of Classical Antiquities: Professional, Legal and Ethical Perspectives (Robin F. Rhodes ed., University of Notre Dame Press, 2007). string;#
2006 The Law as a Tool for Cultural Heritage Preservation: The Case of Iraq and Afghanistan, in Of the Past, for the Future: Integrating Archaeology and Conservation 234-39 (Neville Agnew & Janet Bridgland eds., Los Angeles, Calif : Getty ; Garsington : Windsor [distributor], 2006). string;#
2006 Recent Developments in the Legal Protection of Cultural Heritage, in Archaeology, Cultural Heritage and the Trade in Antiquities (Neil Brodie et al., eds., 2006). string;#
2006 Recent International Cases and Prognosis for the Future, in Presenting Archaeology in Court (Marion Forsyth et al., eds., AltaMira Press, 2006). string;#
2006 Museum Practice: Legal Issues, in Companion to Museum Studies (Sharon MacDonald, ed., 2006). string;#
2004 The Licit and Illicit Trade in Antiquities, in It’s Legal But It Ain’t Right: Harmful Social Consequences of Legal Industries 138 (Nikos Passas & Neva Goodwin, eds., 2004). string;#
2004 From Steinhardt to Schultz: The McClain Doctrine and the Protection of Archaeological Sites, in Legal Perspectives on Cultural Resources 100 (Jennifer R. Richman & Marion P. Forsyth, eds., 2004). string;#
2002 Cultural Significance and the Kennewick Skeleton: Some Thoughts on the Resolution of Cultural Heritage Disputes, in Claiming the Stones, Naming the Bones: Cultural Property and the Negotiation of National and Ethnic Identity 162-97 (Elazar Barkan and Ronald Bush eds., 2002). string;#
2001 Antiquities: International Cultural Property?, in Who Owns Culture? Cultural Property and Patrimony Disputes in an Age Without Borders (Columbia University National Arts Journalism Program, 2001), at 73. string;#
2001 Who Owns the Past?, in Archaeology and Society in the 21st Century (Israel Exploration Society, 2001), at 128. string;#
1995 The Kanakaria Mosaics and United States Law on the Restitution of Stolen and Illegally Exported Cultural Property in Antiquities: Trade and Betrayed : Legal, Ethical and Conservation Issues (Archetype Books, 1995). string;#

Book Reviews

2006 Book Review, 110 Am. J. Archaeol.168 (2006) (reviewing Roger Atwood, Stealing History: Tomb Raiders, Smugglers, and the Looting of the Ancient World (St. Martin’s Press, 2004) and reviewing Robert Layton et al., Destruction and Conservation of Cultural Property (London ; New York : Routledge, 2001)). string;#Click Here
1997 Book Review, 314 Bulletin of the Am. School of Oriental Res. 94 (1998) (reviewing Patrick J. O'Keefe, Trade in Antiquities: Reducing Destruction and Theft (Paris : UNESCO Pub. ; London : Archetype, 1997)). string;#Click Here
1995 Book Review, 101 Am. J. Archaeol. 197 (1997) (reviewing Y. Jégouzo and P.L. Frier, Archéologie et Droit de L'Urbanisme en Europe (Paris : Sirey, 1995)). string;#Click Here
1980 Book Review, 84 Am. J. Archaeol. 243 (1980) (reviewing R. Amiran, Early Arad: The Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age City. I.). string;#Click Here
1979 Book Review, 83 Am. J. Archaeol. 353 (1979) (reviewing Y. Al-Khalesi, The Court of the Palms: A Functional Interpretation of the Mari Palace (Undena Publications, 1978)). string;#Click Here


2012 The Media and Archaeological Preservation in Iraq: A Tale of Politics, Media and the Law, in Symposium: Archaeology, Bible, Politics, and the Media 15-35 (Eric M. Meyers & Carol Meyers eds. 2012). string;#
1999 With Mary Keating, Keeping Art or Sending it Back, (English : Sound Recording : Non-music : Conference Proceedings, American Association of Law Libraries, Meeting, Washington, D.C. (Mobiltape Co., 1999)). string;#
1998 Cultural Property and World War II: Some Implications for American Museums: A Legal Background, SC40 ALI-ABA 17 (1998). string;#
1996 Prof. Uses the Law to Leave No Stone Unturned(Patty Gerstenblith) (Illinois), Chicago Daily Law Bulletin, Jan. 5, 1996, v.142 n4 p3 col4 (12 col in) (by M.A. Stapleton). string;#Click Here
1993 Turkey has Good Claim to Gold of Troy, N.Y. Times, Oct. 9, 1993 at 22, col. 4. string;#Click Here
1983 The Levant at the Beginning of the Middle Bronze Age, (American Schools of Oriental Research Dissertation Series No. 5, 1983). string;#